Why people suffer from diabetes mellitus
Diabetes is two Types: sugar type I diabetes develops due to a lack of production of the hormone insulin by the pancreas. It develops because of a genetic predisposition: if the disease was only in the father, then the child’s development risk is low (3-7%); If the mother has, then the risk of transfer by inheritance of the child is not more than 10%; If both parents, then the risk of transmission of the disease to children increases to 70%. People with type I diabetes are insulin-dependent, writes the portal “Zdorove-Info.”
Type II diabetes (acquired or insulin-independent) is inherited with almost 80% probability, even if the disease was detected only in one parent.
Previously acquired diabetes often developed in adulthood, but now cases of the disease are increasingly diagnosed in children. Here are a number of factors that affect the human body every day, can lead to the development of diabetes:
– overweight and obesity.
To excess weight often leads to the abuse of fast carbohydrates, especially sugar – sweets, pastries, cakes, sweets. Obesity contributes to the development of tolerance of the body to glucose, carbohydrates accumulate in the blood and become a factor in the development of type II diabetes;
– diseases of the glands of internal secretion;
– transferred viral infections;
– frequent stresses;
– a frequent intake of medicines;
– a sedentary lifestyle.
Symptoms of diabetes mellitus
Sugar Type I diabetes, is usually seen in childhood or adolescence. Symptoms of the disease manifest themselves quickly in a few days: the thirst begins to excruciate, the mouth begins to smell of acetone, the urge to urinate increases, the skin itches, the wounds and scratches do not heal well. With an inulin-dependent diabetes, a person may fall into a diabetic coma: this condition requires urgent hospitalization.
Type II diabetes does not appear for a long time, then a person begins to feel constant fatigue and quickly becomes tired. Gradually, vision falls, memory worsens, fungal diseases can often occur. Women with a diabetes develop thrush. At the same time you always want to drink: people with diabetes can drink from 3 to 5 liters of fluid per day.
What to do if you suspect a diabetes
If at least one of the above symptoms began to appear more and more often, then do not pull With a visit to the doctor. Diagnosis of diabetes will help the endocrinologist: and, the earlier the diagnosis is confirmed, the easier it is to cope with the disease. The doctor will appoint a number of examinations: you will have to pass a urine test for sugar content, undergo special blood tests for glucose concentration, etc.
With insulin-dependent diabetes, a person will have to constantly monitor blood glucose levels: now there are special tests and devices – glucometers, which allow doing this at home. With type I diabetes, you must constantly inject insulin. Diabetes type II is adjusted by diet, drugs that reduce blood sugar, physical exercise, etc.
Nutrition and physical activity – these factors you can influence, so it is important to eat properly and exercise. Sports, dancing, walking or outdoor sports will also help reduce the negative effects of stress and strengthen immunity. Try to keep track of your weight and prevent the development of obesity.