Mankind has always been cautious about lightning. For the ancient Greeks, lightning was Zeus’ formidable weapon. Ancient Scandinavians believed that lightning is born from the magic hammer of the god Thor. Indians were ordered by lightning to be the king of the gods, the thunderer Indra, among the Navajo Indians, the shearwaters used special reverence because, in their opinion, lightning caused the glitter of the eyes of this bird, and the people of the Bantu African tribe believed that the lightning caused a giant deity bird Umpundulo.
Thunder and lightning are not the most rare natural phenomenon that you had to observe in your life.You also probably heard a lot Myths about this electrical phenomenon, although modern science has long ago refuted the most widespread of them.
Myth 1 : The lampshade is not a dangerous lightning at all, which occurs after intense heat.
Reality : The lantern is the most real lightning, or rather its gleam, and the rumble of thunder is not audible due to the range of the thunderstorm. As it approaches, instead of a lightning, you will see a completely natural lightning.
Myth 2 : If a person is struck by lightning, it can not be touched, since it is under high tension.
Reality: The victims of lightning are not carriers of electricity, and even more so they can not be thrown without any help.
Myth 3: If it does not rain, lightning does not pose any danger.
Reality : Lightning can occur far from the epicenter of thunderstorm torrents (up to 16 km), and from this They do not become less dangerous.
Flickr: 60999792 @ N06
Myth 4 : If you are in a car during a thunderstorm, then you are safe with rubber insulation.
Reality : The lightning discharge can reach a force of 2-3 thousand volts per 1 cm, this is quite enough to penetrate the rubber mat and shoes on the rubber sole. By the way, the area of the lightning strike can reach 3-4 meters.
Myth 5 : The lightning does not strike twice in the same place.
Reality : Statistics say that it does, and not only twice, but more times, for example, Lightning strikes the Empire State Building (New York) from twenty to a hundred times a year, and a case was also recorded when a lightning struck four times in one of the skyscrapers in Oklahoma City
Myth 6 : If you are in a boat About the time of lightning or with the approaching thunderstorm, it is best to go ashore.
Reality : Of course, it is better to immediately go ashore, however some experts say that rocky and The wooded banks of the river (pond) can be just as dangerous a place.
Myth 7 : If you hide in a cave, you will be safe.
Reality : If the cave is too small or there are deposits of metal minerals in it, you are also in the same risk zone.
Myth 8 : Metal attracts lightning, therefore do not wear jewelery and other metal conductors.
Reality : A meteorologist once said that an electric discharge with a height of up to 150 Km is unlikely to strike on your bracelet or earrings.
Myth 9 : Lightning rods on buildings attract lightning.
Reality : Lightning rods do not attract, but rather intercept a lightning strike and ground it.
Myth 10 : The lightning rod is not needed if there is a television aerial on the building that can fulfill its function.
Reality : Television antennas do not intercept lightning strike and do not provide grounding. In reality, antennas are a very real target for lightning.
Myth 11 : Lightning strikes the highest point or highest object.
Reality : Hundreds of cases were recorded when, instead of tall buildings, lightning struck trees growing next to them, or a parking lot instead of nearby houses.
Myth 12 : If there are many tall trees around the building, they will protect it from a lightning strike.
Reality : Trees are bad defenders of lightning.
Myth 13 : Network filters will prevent the breakdown of computers during Lightning strike.
Reality : Surge protectors against over-voltage or overloading are unlikely to be able to withstand lightning, whose power can reach thousands of gigawolts.
Yasuyoshi Chiba / AFP / Getty Images
Myth 14 : Lightning can be used as a powerful source of electrical energy.
Reality : It would be possible if its duration was more than a few seconds, well, or if we knew the way to capture it, hold it and continue to support it.
So, do not be afraid of Zeus, who punishes heavenly lightning. Remember that it will be safer to hide in a big place, not a small one. A building in which there is necessarily a lightning rod and it’s better to be in a completely enclosed car than to look for shelter outside of it. In addition, you have the opportunity to worry in advance about precautions.We should avoid large ponds, large open fields (including golf courses) And small shelters, such as bus stops, huts and dugouts, towers, masts, lampposts. By the way, it is also extremely unsafe to use electrical equipment, telephones, computers, shower cabins and other items with conductive surfaces.