Few civilizations have a more mysterious reputation than ancient Egypt. Of course, mankind has already learned a lot about the country of hieroglyphs and sacred cats, but much remains to be solved. Perhaps one day we will find the answers to all the questions, but so far we can only guess.
1. How did Tutankhamun die?
Tutankhamun is probably the most famous of all the pharaohs, despite his early death. But how did he die? We have several guesses. X-ray images of 1968 and computer tomography of 2005 show broken ribs and a leg. Fell with a chariot? Accident? Vandalism of the robbers of the pyramids? The second theory: poor heredity as a result of incest, because his parents were a brother and sister.
2. Where is the tomb of Alexander the Great?
We really have no idea where he is buried. Alexander wanted to be thrown into the Euphrates River after his death in 323 BC, but the military leaders preferred to bury him. At first Alexander was buried in Memphis. Then moved to a new tomb in Alexandria, and then once again reburied in Alexandria. In 215 AD. The Roman emperor of Caracalla visited his grave, and this is the last mention of her in history.
3. What was the original name of the Sphinx?
To date, we have learned almost nothing about the Sphinx. Until 1817, all we could see was his head peeping out of the sand. We do not even know how the ancient Egyptians called him. “Sphinx” is a Greek word, which began to be called much later. And yet we do not know what it symbolizes and why it was built.
4. Why was the shoe hidden in the temple?
In 2004, a team of archaeologist Angelo Sesana found a jug deliberately hidden in a small space between two brick walls inside the temple in Luxor. Inside, there were seven pairs of shoes. Why are there shoes, and what is the fate of its owners? Egyptian expert Andre Veldmeier evaluated shoes as expensive and obviously not for common people. We also do not know exactly how many years of shoes, but clearly not less than two thousand.
5. What about mummies whose faces are frozen with a mask of pain?
“Screaming” mummies with an open mouth are not uncommon. They do not even “shout” really. Many mummies were opened their mouths during embalming, so that a person could eat, drink and breathe in the afterlife. However, there is one mummy that seems to really scream, like in agony. “The Unknown Man E” was discovered in 1886, and some researchers believe that he may have been poisoned or buried alive.
6. What happened to Queen Nefertiti?
For many years, Nefertiti ruled Egypt together with Pharaoh Akhenaten, until she simply disappeared. After 1336 BC. There are no references to it. There is not even her grave or mummy, although the Egyptians were very respectful of the deceased. In 2015, the Egyptian Minister of Antiquities said that the tomb of Tutankhamun supposedly has an additional camera, and one of them may well be the crypt of Nefertiti.
7. How many cameras in the Great Pyramid?
Everyone knows the Great Pyramid of Giza – this is the only remaining of the Seven Wonders of the World. There are three cameras in it: the King’s Chamber, the Queen’s Chamber and the Grand Gallery. But more recently it was discovered that there are at least two more cameras. Most likely, in the Great Pyramid there are much more hidden spaces and tunnels than we thought.
8. Who were the “Peoples of the Sea”?
So, in Egypt lived the “Peoples of the Sea”. And we know little about who they were. In fact, we do not know anything about them at all. Allegedly it was a group of pirates who plowed the Mediterranean, and Egypt was a tasty morsel for them. In the Egyptian texts of the times of Ramses II, it is only mentioned that “they came from the sea on their warships, and no one could withstand them.”
9. Where exactly was the kingdom of Yam?
Somewhere in Egypt, more than 4000 years ago, there was a mysterious and prosperous kingdom called Yam. The Egyptian treasurer Kharhuf mentioned that he returned from Yam with gorgeous things: “three hundred donkeys loaded with incense, ebony, incense, grain, leopard skins, elephant tusks, many boomerangs and other fine gifts.” Where this paradise was located – we do not know. In any case, there are no trace of it.
10. Who was buried in the Qurna
In 1908, the British Egyptologist Flinders Petri in Thebes came across an unknown tomb of the king, and after a century we still do not know who was buried there. The burial was related to the XVII or XVIII dynasties, ie. Bodies were 250 years older than Tutankhamun. One mummy is a young woman, and the other is supposedly her child. They both wore jewelry made of gold and ivory. Unfortunately, the inscription on the tomb was unreadable, except for the words “the great wife of the pharaoh.”