When a person experiences symptoms of depression, he is frightened, upset and confused at the same time. This is a condition that is provoked by social factors, as well as psychological (brain) and biological (body).
People who experience unfavorable life events (unemployment, loss of loved ones, psychological trauma) are at a higher risk of developing depression. Unfortunately, the impact of depression on the mind of a person is very important: every thought becomes clouded, and life seems meaningless. And people wonder why, this is happening to them.
So, there are three main types of depression: causes and symptoms.
1. Major Depressive Disorder
This is a constant feeling of hopelessness and despair. Patients usually note that the disorder does not allow them to normally eat, sleep, study, work and do what they like. Often in this disorder, the genetic aspect also plays a role, but there are many cases when the disease develops without a family prehistory. Thus, a major depressive disorder may well provoke environmental factors and life events.
The five main symptoms:
– Feeling of futility or guilt
– Feeling of sadness or despair
– Decreased concentration and lack of determination
– Hobbies are not bringing joy
– Constant fatigue or lack of energy
The aggravation of symptoms may even lead to suicidal ideation.
The Main Triggers:
– Death of a loved one or divorce
– Social isolation
– Major changes in life: graduation, change of job, moving or retiring
– Personal conflicts in relationships
– Emotional, physical or sexual violence
2. Dysthymia (or chronic depression)
Dysthymia (mild or chronic depression) is a variation of depression that lasts two years or more. Typically, people diagnosed with dysthymia have mild symptoms, but they persist for a long time.
The main symptoms of dysthymia are:
– Habitual hobbies do not bring joy
– Constant discouragement or depressed mood
– Loss of energy or fatigue
– Insomnia or, On the contrary, excessive sleep
– Problems with concentration and decision-making
3. Manic depression (bipolar disorder)
Manic depression causes the patient to experience “extreme climaxes”, followed by “extreme recessions”. A person often feels the maximum energy surge, and this causes serious side effects. In fact, this is a state of mania when the patient experiences insomnia (sometimes for several days), as well as hallucinations, psychoses, grand illusions or paranoid rage. Of all types of depression, manic depression is considered the most difficult to treat.
Manic depression is of two types: bipolar disorder of type 1 and type 2.
Symptoms of type 1 include:
– Detachment and confused thoughts
– Grandiose beliefs
– Periodic joyful-excited state or euphoria
– Periodic irritability and excitability
– Rare (and very powerful) bursts of energy
Bipolar disorder of type 2 is a less serious form of manic depression (milder periods of a joyfully excited state and the absence of psychosis (illusions or hallucinations) ). It includes the following symptoms:
– Decreased need for sleep
– Limit concentration at work or at home
– Excessive energy and high spirits
– Reckless behavior
– Increased creativity and Productivity