Recently, the theme of escape from civilization has become increasingly popular. American Amish are such races for three hundred years.
The one who said that being determines consciousness, pinched a bit (which in general happened to him quite often) .In fact, consciousness can very much at first This is the very being for itself, how to arrange it, and then it is convenient to settle in it – let it determine how much it will fit in.
We can see an example of such arrangement by turning to the history and everyday life of one of the Mennonite American sects – the Amish.
Who are they
In the middle of the 17th century, a man named Jacob Amman lived in Switzerland. He was a preacher, a supporter of the Protestant doctrine of Mennonites. But gradually it began to seem to him that the Mennonites (generally quite strict sect, literally obsessed with moral virtues) are too liberal about sin and sinners, too ready to forgive and compromise with secular laws.
Everything ended with the fact that Jakob Amman moved to Alsace, gathered around him a group of the same kind of idealistic like-minded people (they called themselves “Amish” in honor of their teacher) and eventually moved with them to the New World, leaving Light Old rot in its vices. To date, there are about 200 thousand Amish people. They live in closed communities, mainly in the territories of Ohio, Indiana and Canada. But the largest Amish settlement is in Pennsylvania, Lancaster County, which is also unofficially called the “Amish Country.”
Amish world view
Amish sincerely believe that the world around is a devil’s playground. The landfill on which he is allowed to vaccinate vices to the fragile sprouts of human souls. And only the most persistent sprouts will be able to survive this frosty flame of the underworld and reunite with the Creator in heaven.
The Creator, however, smells a little bit. For a few chosen and loved his children, he created moral oases, in which it is much easier to avoid temptations. These oases are called Amish communities, and only being under their reliable protection, strictly obeying the rules of Ordnung (local regulations, regulating any small things of life and behavior), there is a chance to come to life after death and not see around the burning bonfires and the fuzzy figurines hovering over the skewers.
The life of the Amish is seen as a hard work and a string of endless suffering, humility and trials. The more diligently you subdue your pride, you sweep voluptuousness, you will melt in the mud Anger, the more chances you have for winning the Divine Lottery of eternal salvation.
Amish – absolute non-resistance. You can go to the Amish, spit in his face, pull at the beard and give a kick – he will only pray for your salvation (well, or call for help from the wicked defenders: they still allow the Amish state police to guard their settlements). To strike an Amish is like killing a child. This is well known to all Americans.
The monstrosity of the events occurred two years ago when an armed maniac Charles Karl Roberts the Fourth broke into the Amish school – a one-room cottage with flimsy doors, drove boys and teachers out of class, shot ten little girls (seven of them Died) and shot himself a bullet in the forehead. America was terrified and cursed forever the name of the criminal, the Amish after the funeral came to the wife of Roberts and reported that the parents of the dead girls forgive her husband. And since the widow of the maniac had three children, the families of the dead created a fund, where they transferred funds for their upbringing and education.
Beards, cabs and bonnets
In order to combat the temptations, the Amish consider it necessary to lead the most simple and unrestrained labor life in the most deprived of the temptations of civilization conditions.
Almost They all work on the ground, live in houses built with their own hands, under absolute prohibition in the community television, telephones, movies, computers, dances and music (except for church choir singing) .They wear the same clothes that their ancestors-Alsatians years old -. a dark jacket, homespun shirt, pieces We wear braces and a black felt hat.Women wear a monotonous dull dress to the heels, an apron and a cap.The children of up to twelve run barefoot, and when they grow older, they hide their legs forever in heavy black shoes with black stockings.
In their homes there is no electricity, no heating, only stoves are allowed Like burzhuek and kerosene lamps. Strictly adhering to the rules of the Old Testament, the Amish consider sinful any image of people and animals, so there are no pictures in their house, and the Amish themselves have almost no documents, as they are prohibited from being photographed by religion.
In general, any embellishment is prohibited. Amish can not even plant plants only for beauty, so next to their houses you will not see flowers. Only on the days of holidays they can decorate the premises with lush bunches of celery, basil or other useful inhabitants of the garden.
Higher education is believed to corrupt the soul, so the only thing that shines to the young, greedy Amish, is the eight-year visit to the community school. There, by gathering students from seven to sixteen in one class, senior members of the community can both teach them how to read, count, write, the basics of geometry, agronomy, carpentry and housekeeping – anything that can be useful to the farmer. For “many knowledge – many sorrows”, all sorts of stories with literatures and other algebras do not bring to the good.
Early in marriage, Amish builds a house with the help of the community, which soon begins to be filled with inmates: since any contraception is strictly forbidden, Amish families usually boast a dozen or so children. Because dirt is a manifestation of the sin of idleness, the houses and streets of Amishev settlements sparkle with German purity; Such a concentration of neatness is probably not found anywhere else on the planet.
And of course, every Amish’s life is closely connected with the “buggy” – a strict black cab-cab. You can not drive an Amish car (in case of great need you can go by a passenger), so buggies are practically the only way for them to travel. At the age of majority each young man-amish must receive such a wagon and a horse in addition.
Nevertheless, the devil also should have a chance, so at the age of sixteen every Amish-both boy and girl-gets the right to” rumshpringu ” *
This means that from now on he can do anything for a few years, wear jeans and sneakers, dye his hair in crimson color, drink alcohol and smoke, leave for the big city and indulge in debauchery. The community will pay for all these events, and none of the relatives and friends will tell a rumpshpringer a word of reproach, even if tog Will have to be bail out of the clutches of the law for good money, and given that the Amish rumshrings period begins several years before the state’s laws allow him to buy alcohol and have sex, it’s no wonder that wheelers are a serious headache for local order keepers.
On the one hand, it would seem that youngsters need to be urgently taken under the control of guardianship authorities, on the other – everyone understands that for an unhappy child this is probably the only chance to be drawn back to life in full. Therefore, at the parties of underage Amish police are trying to look through their fingers.
But all the good things ever come to an end. Twenty-one years is the deadline for the rumshpringer to make a choice. : He returns home, puts on his black jacket and becomes an amish, he never again sits behind the wheel of a car, kisses a pretty girl, does not watch a movie, does not even try a drop of beer, the community holds a baptismal ceremony over him and recognizes him as a full member.
The second way: the rumshpringer decides not to return. He will not be deceived by his father, mother, sisters and brothers, and even in his native village he will not be given a sip of water, and only public repentance can give him a chance. In some cases, the heads of the community accept back and rumpshpringers over the age of 21 if they are absolutely sure that the person has fully realized his sin and is now ready to atone for him with heavy labor and unlimited humility.