It’s time to start sleeping!
We live in an era when sleep acts as a substitute for coffee for people who have too much free time. Everyone is trying to squeeze the maximum out of their daily schedule. Theoretically, of course, we know that we should sleep more, but … all the time it turns out that so many urgent matters have not been done yet! However, it turns out that the harm done to yourself by such carelessness is almost impossible to justify by the importance of daily worries. Let’s take a look at what will happen if you methodically neglect sleep.
1. You will become uglier
It sounds terrible, does not it? You can certainly say that you have never heard compliments related to swollen eyelids, pale skin and drooping corners of the mouth. Scientists from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm confirmed in their study: the consequences of sleep deprivation strongly affect the appearance.
Ten participants in the study did not sleep for 31 hours. Photos of the subjects, made before and after the experiment, were evaluated by forty observers. The verdict of the “judges” was unanimous: all participants were perceived as less healthy, sad and more tired people after a 31-hour sleeplessness.
2. You will be drunk
Of course, literally you can not be called drunk, but, as scientists have calculated, 17 hours of continuous wakefulness are equivalent to driving a car with a blood alcohol content of 0.05%. Drowsiness has an effect on our mind, similar to that given by alcohol (except, perhaps, drunk fun): reduces the ability to rational judgment, worsens the awareness of behavior and slows down the reaction time.
3. Resourcefulness and innovation will not be your strengths
Do you plan to become the author of something new and successful, like the creators of Twitter or Facebook? There is very little chance that you will succeed if you continue to deprive yourself of sleep. Studies on the impact of sleep deprivation on cognitive ability, conducted in 1987 on servicemen who were awake for two days, revealed a significant decrease in the ability to give out fresh ideas on specific topics.
4. Your pressure will ease
A growing number of studies confirming that sleep deprivation leads to increased blood pressure. Moreover, for people suffering from hypertension, even a shortening of night sleep by only half can lead to the same result.
5. You will be stupid
Surely, many of us have noticed at least once in our lives how even short periods of insomnia affect the quality of cognitive functions. A study conducted in 2004 showed that people deprived of sleep within 24 hours, find it difficult to remember events and phenomena, as well as concentration of attention. So it’s time to say goodbye to the excuses of your neglect of sleep in order to solve important issues! Moreover, even a sleepless night can reduce the ability to correctly assess the relevance of a particular information.
6. You can get sick
During sleep, the immune system produces cytokine proteins, the purpose of which is to protect the body from various types of viruses. When our body needs protection from bacteria, the amount of these proteins increases. The decrease or absence of sleep leads to a decrease in the level of cytokines. This means that we are more prone to virus attacks and, accordingly, we risk being more likely to get sick.
7. You will look older than your years
You can spend a fortune on products to maintain beauty and youth, but it will be useless if your body does not receive proper hours of sleep. Why does this happen? Stress increases the production of the hormone cortisol, which increases the level of sebum secretion and promotes the occurrence of inflammation and eruptions. Sleep plays a key role in the process of skin regeneration. While you are sleeping, the level of the stress hormone has time to return to normal indicators and give the cells time to recover. In one study on the evaluation of skin aging, women aged 30-49 years participated, half of which were characterized by poor quality of sleep. A series of tests carried out confirmed that the skin tissue of women deprived of normal sleep shows twice as many signs of aging as wrinkles, stains, low levels of elasticity and elasticity.
8. Sexual life will become less saturated
If you notice that your libido is falling, you should think about it: maybe you do not get enough sleep. Fatigue, low energy levels together with increased stress are frequent causes of sexual failures. By the way, for men who suffer from sleep apnea, it is also likely that such a factor hinders the quality of sexual life. The authors of the study, published in 2002, suggest that men suffering from this disease have abnormally low levels of testosterone.
9. You will start to get fat
It’s sad, but the fact: those who are deprived of sleep are at risk of gaining weight. Many studies have confirmed that people who sleep more are less likely to be fat. Experiments have shown that subjects who sleep less than four hours a day are obese on average 73% more often than those who sleep normally.
The secret lies in the hormones. Signals about the onset of hunger in the brain are controlled by ghrelin and leptin. Grellin sends a signal to the brain that it’s time to refresh yourself. The hormone leptin, produced in adipose tissue, in turn causes a feeling of satiety. When we are tired, the level of ghrelin in our blood is increasing, and leptin is decreasing.
10. You will be colder
Make sure you do not put your warm sweater away in the closet. Deprivation of sleep slows down metabolism, which in turn reduces body temperature, as was proved by scientists from Kansas.
11. You may develop depression
According to statistics, patients with sleep disorders more often develop a wide range of mood disorders. Neglecting a dream? Choose: irritability, mood swings, anxiety. None of this has been felt recently? Among other things, the risk of depression among people suffering from lack of sleep is four times higher than those who do not deny themselves a full night’s rest. Insomnia, lasting long enough, can even lead to the appearance of thoughts of suicide
12. Bones will become more fragile
Perhaps the risk of such trouble is not great, but it does exist. This fact was proved, however, in a series of experiments conducted in rats. In a 2012 study, scientists found changes in the density of bone tissue and bone marrow of these small animals after waking them for 72 days. The assumption of the inability to repair bone injuries in conditions of deprivation of sleep can also be true for people.
13. General clumsiness will increase
Do not even think about demonstrating dangerous tricks to friends after a sleepless night. According to the findings made by Dr. Klet Kushid of the Stanford University’s Sleep Research Center, lack of sleep worsens our sense of balance and depth perception, and also dulls the reflexes. In other words, the lack of sleep is extremely bad for the quality of motor skills.
14. Emotions will beat over the edge
Did the little cute in the picture suddenly move you to tears? If so, it’s time to pull yourself together and have a good night’s sleep, since you have a lack of sleep that makes emotions unstable. One of the studies conducted among 26 people showed 60% activation of the activity of the amygdala in undersleeped subjects compared to well-rested volunteers. The almond-shaped body located in the lower parts of the brain is responsible for the treatment of feelings of fear and anxiety.
15. Life risks to be shorter than expected
Numerous studies show that sleep deprivation causes an increase in mortality, even if adjusted for the presence of diseases affecting the quality of sleep and mortality (obesity, alcohol and depression) in people, as well as age, nationality, education and body mass index. In a 2010 study, it was found that men who slept less than six hours a day showed a high probability (4 times greater than in the control group) of dying in the next 14 years.